The most significant threat to water resources across the U.S. now comes from nonpoint source pollution - pollution which does not come out of the end of a pipe. As efforts to reduce water pollution from factories and sewage treatment plants have succeeded, attention is now turning to the largest contributor to nonpoint pollution: Agriculture. Worldwide, agriculture activities consume 70% of the world’s water resources.
In the 2000 National Water Quality Inventory conducted by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), agricultural activity was identified as a source of pollution for 48% of stream and river water, and for 41% of lake water.
Current farming practices often result in the release of sediment, fertilizers, pesticides and animal wastes to local watersheds. Local impacts have often worsened as smaller family farms have been replaced by corporate operations, housing thousands of animals in assembly-line conditions. These operations have multiplied in recent years, spreading into many states that lack adequate environmental controls.
Also, the estimated one billion tons of feces and urine produced each year by livestock, and the way in which it is treated, pose one of America's serious pollution threats.
A California Senate bill, enacted in November 2009, requires all water suppliers to increase water use efficiency. This legislation is divided into two sectors, Urban Water Conservation and Agricultural Water Conservation. Water management plans must be prepared and adopted by 2012 by agricultural water suppliers. Effective 2013, agricultural water suppliers who do not meet the water management planning requirements established by this bill are not eligible for state water grants or loans.
As regulation increases to compel water management, so does the role Sionix can play in helping Agricultural entities meet the necessary requirements - both water suppliers and customers. Because of the capacity of our patented DAF technology and our MWTS configuration, we can meet most agricultural water treatment needs.
Water plays a significant role in the use of Anaerobic Biodigesters. It is both a component in the process and a byproduct of the process. The continual need for water input and the continual need to treat the contaminated water coming out of the system (effluent), creates the need to treat the water and reclaim the treated water. By integrating a Sionix MWTS with the biodigester, the cost of water usage is cut, procurement of water supply to the digester is integrated, regulatory compliance is realized, and potential fines are avoided.